Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

A condition of persistent mental and emotional stress occurring as a result of injury or severe psychological shock, typically involving disturbance of sleep and constant vivid recall of the experience, with dulled responses to others and to the outside world.

Symptoms of Stress that may be experienced after the traumatic event are divided in 4 category: Physical, Cognitive, Emotional and Behavioral.


  • Chest pain, difficulty breathing, shock symptoms, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, dizziness.

  • Profuse sweating, rapid heart rate, thirst, headaches, visual difficulties,

    clenching of jaws, aches and pain (non-specific).


  • Nightmare, confusion, disorientation, heightened or lowered alertness.

  • Poor problem solving, poor concentration, memory problem, difficulty identifying people or object.


  • Anxiety, grief, denial, severe panic, fear irritability, loss of emotional control, depression, sense of failure.

  • Feeling overwhelmed, blaming others or self.


  • Intense anger, withdrawal, emotional outburst, temporary loss or increase of appetite

  • Alcohol or/and drug abuse, inability to rest, pacing, change in sexual functioning.

Here is a list of some possible causes of PTSD

  • serious road accidents

  • violent personal assaults, such as sexual assault, mugging or robbery

  • a traumatic birth

  • prolonged sexual abuse, violence or severe neglect (ACE’S)

  • witnessing violent deaths

  • military combat

  • being held hostage

  • terrorist attacks

  • natural disasters, such as severe floods, earthquakes or tsunamis

  • a diagnosis of a life-threatening condition

  • an unexpected severe injury or death of a close family member or friend

What can you do?

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT): Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that aims to help you manage your problems by changing how you think and act.

Group therapy: Talking with other people experiencing the same trauma, symptoms can help having a better understanding and help building confidence.

Transcendental Meditation (TM) : A new study reports that regular practice of Transcendental Meditation (TM) enables some active duty service members battling post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to reduce, or even eliminate, their use of psychotropic medications and to better control the symptoms of PTSD.

Try using the app: Headspace

Organisations PTSD: